What Are the Labiaplasty Risks?

What Are the Labiaplasty Risks

The risks of labiaplasty surgery can frighten some patients into avoiding care by a surgical reduction of an enlarged inner labia (also called the labia minora or inner vaginal lips). Fortunately, the risks of labiaplasty are few, and actual complications occurring during or after this surgery are also infrequent.

Still, we want you to feel comfortable about approaching labiaplasty. In the following article, we’ll go over the rare, but potential risks of labiaplasty surgery, as well as provide a brief overview of the outpatient procedure itself.

What Are the Risks of Labiaplasty?

Labiaplasty complications are rare but there could be some temporary side effects. Therefore, most of the risks are simply those that are associated with all types of surgery: infection, blood clots, excessive swelling or bleeding, poor scarring, physical discomfort, or unsatisfactory results.

Again, these rarely ever occur, but let’s go over each one just so that you have a better idea of the potential complications that could occur with this surgery.


Even despite sterile conditions at the hospital or surgical facility and detail given to patient safety, bacterial infection remains a potential risk after labiaplasty or any type of surgery in the surgical area.

Careful postoperative care and adherence to prescribed antibiotics can mitigate this risk, but if you do notice signs of infection (high persistent fever, intense redness and heat, uneven swelling, etc.), contact your surgeon immediately.

Blood Clots

Prolonged immobility after surgery can lead to blood clot formation. This is why movement after surgery is so helpful. Of course, too much movement may cause a rise in blood pressure, which can cause issues as well.

This can be difficult with labiaplasty. Fortunately, soreness and severe swelling should be short-lived, which will allow for easier movement right after surgery. Also, the risk is low.

Excessive Swelling

Swelling following labiaplasty is a common postoperative symptom, but excessive swelling can also occur, and this can cause further complications. Your qualified surgeon will tell you what to watch for and how to reduce swelling. Persistent, uneven, or worsening swelling should be addressed in most cases.

Excessive Bleeding

While some bleeding is expected after labiaplasty, excessive bleeding requires immediate attention. Patients will be educated on signs of excessive bleeding and advised to contact their plastic surgeons if bleeding persists beyond the expected timeframe.

Risks Of Labiaplasty SurgeryPoor Scarring

Scarring can vary depending on individual healing responses. Some people are simply more prone to noticeable scars after they get an incision. This often depends on skin pigment and type.

Of course, labiaplasty scarring will also depend on how your incisions were closed, which is why choosing an excellent surgeon is of the utmost importance.

And finally, make sure to care for your incisions as directed. Fortunately, labiaplasty incisions require little direct care when compared with incisions on other parts of the body.

Unsatisfactory Results

Despite your surgeon’s best efforts, outcomes may not always align your expectations. Thorough preoperative discussions and realistic goal setting can help manage expectations and reduce dissatisfaction post-surgery.

Anesthesia Reactions

Some people have negative reactions to local anesthesia or general anesthesia. Basically every plastic surgery procedure will require anesthesia, so if you know you react poorly, be sure to share this with your surgeon.

Labiaplasty: The Surgical Procedure

Labiaplasty addresses excessively large inner vaginal lips. This is an issue that many women face due to genetics. But it can also be caused or exacerbated by pregnancy, childbirth, and aging.

Many women who have enlarged inner labia at the vaginal opening will struggle with mild to severe pain on a daily basis. Often, the discomfort is associated with sexual intercourse, exercise, or wearing tight clothing.

Patients may also feel self-conscious about having excess tissue and excess skin around their inner labia and labia majora. This is a common reason for desiring cosmetic surgery on this area.

How Labiaplasty Surgical Procedures Are PerformedRisks Of Labiaplasty

Labiaplasty as a cosmetic procedure begins with the administration of anesthesia. Often, anesthesia can be used with IV sedation, but general anesthesia may be used as well. Your best labiaplasty surgeons will then make the necessary incisions at the surgical site.

There are two main types of labiaplasty surgery: the trim procedure and the wedge procedure. The trim procedure is a surgical technique that simply involves cutting off the upper most section of each vaginal lip. The edges are sewn together carefully.

The wedge labiaplasty procedure involves making an incision that goes perpendicular to the length of the labia. The tissue is then trimmed off, and the edges of the incisions are sewn together.

In most cases, surgeons and patients prefer the wedge method because it hides the scar far better. In fact, the scar can often be hidden inside the body. Furthermore, most patients feel that they lose less sensitivity with the wedge procedure.

FAQ: Labiaplasty Surgery & Risks

Is labiaplasty a high risk surgery?

In general, labiaplasty is not a high risk surgery. It is commonly performed and usually considered safe.

As with all surgeries, there are risks such as bleeding, infection, and poor scarring with labiaplasty. But these are very rare.

What are the disadvantages of labiaplasty?

There are no serious disadvantages of labiaplasty if your enlarged inner labia are really giving you problems. The biggest disadvantage for most patients is the short amount of downtime required in order to fully recover.

Contact Us Today to Schedule a Labiaplasty Consultation

You deserve to feel confident about your labiaplasty surgery.

If you have any worries or concerns at all about approaching this procedure or if you would simply like to learn more about how the surgery is performed, whether you are a good candidate, or learn about post operative care instructions, we invite you to book a consultation with board certified plastic surgeon Dr. Rachel Mason at her Las Vegas practice.



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